School-based peer mediation is one of the most popular and arguably the most effective approach to integrating the practice of conflict resolution into schools. It is not hard to see why: Peer mediation encourages students to apply conflict resolution skills when it matters most—when they are in conflict. By helping students resolve and learn from interpersonal disputes, peer mediation programs also advance the educational mission of the schools in which they operate.
Peer mediation is a form of conflict resolution in which trained student leaders help their peers work together to resolve everyday disputes. Participation in peer mediation is voluntary, and with the exception of information that is illegal or life-threatening, all matters discussed in mediation sessions remain confidential. Student mediators do not make judgments or offer advice, and they have no power to force decisions upon their peers. Because mediation is sensitive to the underlying causes of conflict, the vast majority of peer mediation sessions (@ 85%) result in lasting resolutions.