Heat Stat
  • Heat Stroke

    Signs and Symptoms of Heat Stroke: 

    • Core (Rectal) Temperature >104 °F
    • CNS Dysfunction
    • Irrational Behavior
    • Disorientation
    • Collapse or Staggering/Sluggish Feeling
    • Altered Consciousness
    • Seizures or Convulsions
    • Hot, Red, Damp, or Dry Skin associated with Little to No Sweating
    • Fast Strong Pulse and Rapid Shallow Breathing
    • Nausea or Vomiting
    • Diarrhea

    Treatment:

    • CALL 911 IMMEDIATELY!
    • Move athlete to a cool shaded area and remove equipment/excess clothing.
    • Cool athlete as quickly as possible within 30 minutes via whole body cold water immersion.
    • If cold water immersion is not available, then the athlete will be cooled by a cold shower and ice bags over the entire body.
    • Transport should not occur until the core (rectal) temperature is below 102°F or until athlete is shivering.
    • Minimizing the length of time at which an athlete’s core (rectal) temperature is above 104°F is imperative!

     

  • Heat Exhaustion

    Signs and Symptoms of Heat Exhaustion:

    • Core (Rectal) temperature <102°F
    • Weakness
    • Dizziness
    • Confused
    • May Lose Consciousness
    • Cold, Pale, and Clammy Skin associated with Profuse Sweating
    • Fast Weak Pulse and Rapid Shallow Breathing
    • Nausea or Vomiting
    • Dehydration

    Treatment:

    • Remove the athlete from physical activity immediately!
    • Move to a cool shaded area and remove equipment/excess clothing.
    • Monitor vital signs.
    • Cool down with ice towels or ice bags to promote recovery.
    • Elevate legs and rehydrate 
    • If the athlete does not improve, then they need to be transported to an emergency medical facility.

     

  • Heat Syncope

    Signs and Symptoms of Heat Syncope:

    • Fainting or Feeling Faint in Hot Rising Temperatures
    • Weakness
    • Dizziness
    • Blurred Vision
    • Thirst

    Treatment:

    • Rest in a cool environment.
    • Increase water and electrolyte intake.
    • Elevate legs.

    Get Medical Attention Right Away: 

    • Symptoms last longer than 10-15 minutes.
    • Repeated episodes of fainting or other symptoms worsen.

     

    Heat Cramps

    Signs and Symptoms of Heat Cramps:

    • Painful Involuntary Muscle Spasms
    • Profuse Sweating 
    • Fatigue
    • Dehydrated

    Treatment:

    • Rest in cool environment.
    • Increase water and electrolyte intake.
    • Wait for heat cramps to go away before continuing physical activity.  

    Get Medical Attention Right Away: 

    • Heat cramps last longer than 1 hour.  
    • Athlete on a low sodium diet.