• Forced busing is a practice in the United States where students are transported to schools in different districts in an effort to reduce racial segregation in schools. This practice was created because many American schools remained racially segregated in the mid 1900s', even after the Brown v. Board of Education Supreme Court case ruled that racially segregating schools was unconstitutional, and should thus be discontinued, in 1954. 

    Initially, in their effort to help reduce segregation in schools, policies were made to have it so that parents would send their kids to schools in other districts themselves. African Americans and whites lived in completely different neighborhoods. Therefore, the schools within their neighborhoods would have a student body of mostly, if not completely, students with the same skin color. After the Brown v Board of Education landmark decision was passed, there were still little efforts being made to desegregate these schools. When policies were passed to have students be sent to schools in different neighborhood schools, parents were outraged at having to send their kids to different districts and refused. Especially the working-class whites, who did not like the idea of having their kids sent to "inferior" African-American schools just to meet a diversity quota. Because of the lack of cooperation from parents, more policies were passed and one of them was forced busing.